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Syllabus

 

Young Learners

 
 

Stage 1
below A1
100 headwords

 

Verb tenses and patterns
Positive, negative, question and short answer forms including contractions
Positive imperative forms
Present Simple
Present Continuous
can/can’t for ability, requests and permission
have got for possession
Let’s
There is/are

Sentence types
Simple one-clause sentences
Two clauses joined with and, but or or
Direct speech + noun/pronoun + say/ask

 

     
 

Stage 2
A1 Starters
200 headwords

 

Verb tenses and patterns
Positive, negative, question and short answer forms including contractions
Positive imperative forms
Present Simple
Present Continuous
can/can’t for ability, requests and permission
have got for possession
Let’s
There is/are
Two clauses joined with because

Sentence types
Simple one-clause sentences
Two clauses joined with and, but or or
Direct speech + noun/pronoun + say/ask

 

     
 

Stage 3
A1.1 Movers
300 headwords

 

Verb tenses and patterns
Past Simple of regular and common irregular verbs
Verb + infinitive
Verb + -ing
Infinitive of purpose
want/ask someone to do something
must/mustn’t for obligation and prohibition
have (got) to/ had to
shall for offers
could (past form of can)
would and wouldn’t like
going to for future reference
will for future reference

 

     
 

Stage 4
A2 Flyers
400 headwords

 

Verb tenses and patterns
Negative question forms
Negative imperative forms
Present Simple passive with common verbs (eg made, called, born)
Past Continuous
Present Perfect Simple: recent past with just, indefinite past with ever etc

Modal Verbs
will for offers
may/might for possibility
shall for suggestions
could for ability, polite requests
should for advice

 

 

 

 

 
 

Teenagers

 
 

Stage 1
Elementary
A1 Movers
600 headwords

 

Verb tenses and patterns
Positive, negative, question and short answer forms including contractions

Positive imperative forms
Present Simple
Present Continuous, also for future reference
going to
will
Past Simple of regular and very common irregular verbs
Verb + infinitive
Verb + -ing
Infinitive of purpose
want/ask someone to do something
must/mustn’t for obligation and prohibition
have (got) to/ had to
can/can’t for ability, requests and permission
shall for offers
could (past form of can)
would and wouldn’t like
let’s

Types of clauses
Co-ordination with but, and, or, then

Subordination with because, when

 

     
 

Stage 2
Pre-Intermediate
A2 Flyers/KET
800 headwords

 

Verb tenses
Past Simple of irregular verbs

Present Perfect Simple: recent past with just, indefinite past with yet, already, never, ever, unfinished past with for and since
Past Continuous
Past continuous vs Past Simple

Verb forms and patterns
Negative question forms

Negative imperatives
Short questions
Infinitives after adjectives
Gerunds after prepositions
Gerunds as subjects and objects
Passive forms: Present Simple and Past Simple with very common verbs (e.g. made, called, born)

Modal verbs
could: ability, polite requests

would: polite requests
will: offers, promises etc
shall: suggestions
should: advice
may (present and future reference): possibility
need: necessity
needn’t: lack of necessity

Types of clause
Main clause

Co-ordinate clause
Subordinate clause following sure, certain, kno, think, believe, hope, saY, tell, if, where, when, because
Subordinate clause with if (zero and first conditionals)
Defining relative clauses

 

     
 

Stage 3
Intermediate
B1 PET
1000 headwords

 

Verb tenses
Present Perfect Simple: the first/ second etc. time that…

Present Perfect Simple: negative duration (haven’t ….for ages)
Past Perfect Simple: narrative, reported speech

Verb forms and patterns
so/neither/nor + auxiliaries in short answers

Question tags
Verb + object + full infinitive (e.g. I want you to go.)
Verb + object + infinitive give/take/send/bring/show + direct/indirect object
Causative have/get
Common phrasal verbs/verbs with prepositions
Second conditional
Simple reported speech: statements, questions and commands with say, ask, tell

Modal verbs
could: possibility

might (present and future reference): possibility
ought to: obligation
don’t have to/haven’t got to: lack of obligation
used to + infinitive (past habits)

Types of clause
Defining relative with zero pronoun

Time clauses introduced by when, while, until, before, after, as soon as
Clauses of purpose

 

 

 

 

 
 

Adult and
Young Adult

 
 

Stage 1
A1 Elementary
600 headwords

 

Verb forms and tenses
Positive, negative, question and short answer forms including contractions
Positive and negative imperative forms
Present Simple
have got
there is/are
will for offers, requests and future meaning
Past Simple of regular and very common irregular verbs
can/can’t for ability, requests and permission
could (past form of can)
have to for obligation
would and wouldn’t like
Common phrasal verbs with transparent meanings
-ing forms after go

Sentence types
Two clauses joined with so, before, after, when

Direct speech + subject/verb inversion
Reported speech with present tense reporting verb
know, think, hope etc + that clause

 

     
 

Stage 2
Pre-Intermediate
A2 KET
800 headwords

 

Verb tenses
Present Continuous
Past Simple of regular and irregular verbs
Past Continuous
Past continuous vs Past Simple
Future reference: Present Continuous, going to, will, shall, Present Simple
Present Perfect Simple: recent past with just, indefinite past with yet, already, ever, never, unfinished past with for and since
Present Perfect vs Past Simple

Modal verbs
could: ability, requests and suggestions
will: promises, predictions
would for desires, preferences
shall: suggestions, offers, plans
should (present and future reference):advice
may (present and future reference): possibility
must: personal obligation
mustn’t: prohibition
have (got) to: external obligation
need (to)/needn’t: necessity

Verb forms and patterns
Passive forms: Present Simple and Past Simple

Short questions (Can you?) and Short answers (No, he doesn’t)
Infinitives (with and without to) after verbs and adjectives
Gerunds after prepositions and verbs
Gerunds as subjects and objects
be able to
infinitive of purpose
Question tags
Common phrasal verbs with nontransparent meanings
so/neither/nor + auxiliaries in short answers

Sentence types
Main clause

Sentences with more than two main clauses
Sentences with one main and one subordinate clause
Subordination (in the Present Simple or Present Continuous) after verbs such as: be sure, know, think, believe, hope, say, tell
Subordination after: because, when, where
Co-ordination: but, and, or, and then
Zero and first conditionals
Defining relative clauses
Clauses with wh words
Clauses ending in so, not
Reported speech with to + infinitive
Participle clauses
Adjectives/nouns + that clause

 

     
 

Stage 3
Intermediate B1 PET
1000 headwords

 

Verb tenses
Present Perfect Simple: the first/ second etc. time that…
Present Perfect Simple: negative duration (haven’t ….for ages)
Past Perfect Simple: in reported speech and narrative

Modal verbs
can’t: logical necessity

could: ability (was able to/managed to,) possibility
may/can/could: permission
might (present and future reference): possibility, permission
must: logical necessity and obligation
don’t have to /haven’t got to /didn’t have to: lack of obligation
had to: obligation
would rather: preference
should: (present and future reference): moral obligation
ought to: (present and future reference): moral obligation
used to/would: past habits and states

Verb forms and patterns
Causative: have/get + object + past participle

make/let + infinitive
Past forms with going to and will
Verb + object + full infinitive (e.g. I want you to help.)
Verb + object + infinitive give/take/send/bring/show + direct/indirect object
be used to + ing
Simple reported speech: statements, questions and commands with say, ask, tell
Phrasal verbs/verbs with prepositions
had better
for advice or desirability

Sentence types
Complex sentences where the relations between clauses are uncomplicated

Non-defining relative clauses
Time clauses introduced by when, while, until, before, after, as soon as
Clauses of purpose: so that, (in order) to (infinitive of purpose)
First conditional with unless
Second conditional
Second conditional with wish
Clauses of result: so, so…that, such…. that
Clauses of concession: although, though

 

     
 

Stage 4
Upper intermediate
B2 FCE
1800 headwords

 

Verbs
Present Perfect Continuous
Past Perfect Simple: negative duration (hadn’t ….for ages)
Past Perfect Continuous
Future Continuous
Future Perfect

Verb forms and patterns
Passive forms with all tenses

Passive forms with modal verbs
Phrasal verbs with non-transparent meanings
Reported speech introduced by precise reporting verbs (e.g. suggest, promise, apologise, threaten, insist,
complain)
It’s time + past tense

Modal verbs
would for willingness/refusal

modal perfects (must have, could have etc)

Sentence types
Embedded relative clauses

Third conditional
wish, if only
Mixed conditional sentences
Emphatic structures with what
Clauses of concession: even though, in spite of, despite
Complex sentences with more than one subordinate clause
Inversion after hardly, no sooner, not only
-ing/wh- clause as subject

 

     
 

Stage 5
Advanced
C1 CAE
2500 headwords

 

Verb tenses
Verb tenses
Future perfect continuous

Sentence types
Inversion in third conditional sentences without if

Inversion after other initial negative adverbs (at no time, little etc)
Inversion of subject and verb after adverbial expressions of place
Complex clauses with no restrictions on number of subordinate clauses

 

     
 

Stage 6
Proficiency
C2 CPE
Unabridged Texts

 

 

This stage contains the original, unabridged version of texts.